Japanese

Kinki Advanced Ophthalmological Medical Management Society (KAOMMS)

Recent years have witnessed remarkable development in the area of ophthalmology. Dreams of our predecessors have been realized one after another: surgical laser systems, vitrectomy, refractive surgery and more.  KAOMMS was established in June, 2008, with the aim of contributing greatly for the welfare and wholesomeness of the general public by sharing advanced medical knowledge and information and updating medical care in the community. Staff members of the Department of Ophthalmology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine are in charge of the organizers and secretary/treasurer of KAOMMS. Our young researchers are actively engaged in holding seminars several times a year.
 We wish these seminars would also offer a chance to strengthen our collaboration with ophthalmologists of nearby clinics as well as with our graduates.


The 52th Seminar of KAOMMS
  

Date: March 22, 2018, 17:30-18:30
  Venue: Kindai University Hospital
(Small Lecture Theater, 3rd floor, Circular Bldg)
   Presenter:  Dr. Shizuo Akira, Professor,

               Department of Host Defense,
               Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University
               Director, Laboratory of Host Defense WPI Immunology Frontier
               Research Center (IFReC), Osaka University
  *This seminar is for the members of KAOMMS.


Natural Immunity and Inflammation

Mammalians have two types of immune systems: natural immunity and acquired immunity. The former is a fundamental immune mechanism that is shared by lower organisms as well as higher organisms in common. Natural immunity is maintained by phagocytes such as macrophages, leukocytes, dendritic cells and others. These phagocytes are in charge of phagocytosis and degradation of pathogenic microorganisms that invades into the body. Conventionally, natural immunity has been considered as non-specific immune reaction, and in mammalians, as a makeshift measure until acquired immunity is established.
  However, after the discovery of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), researchers found that natural immunity also recognizes pathogens in extremely specific manner. More importantly, it is clarified that activation of natural immunity through TLR is involved in induction of acquired immunity. Because of these findings, conventional immunological theory has undergone major revision.
  As a result, attitudes towards vaccines for infectious diseases, allergic disorders, and cancer immunology have been changed greatly. Moreover, existence of receptors that recognize pathogenic bacteria inside the cell is also elucidated. This receptor surely plays an important role in pathogen recognition in the cell.
  In the lecture, I would like to share the idea of natural immunity as well as the recent achievements of our lab.


Contact us by telephone at +81-72-366-0221 (ex. 3234).